Site plan components

What Exactly is a Site Plan?

A site plan serves as a crucial architectural blueprint, essentially functioning as a map delineating the layout of a building site. It offers comprehensive details regarding the positioning of structures within the property boundaries. These notes on the site provide valuable insights impacting the property.

Builders or contractors typically generate a diagram illustrating the land plot, encompassing property lines, along with the following elements:

  • Landscape features
  • Structural components
  • Setbacks
  • Driveways
  • Utility infrastructure (poles, power lines)
  • Fencing
  • On-site structures

Site plans fulfill various pivotal roles. They are a prerequisite for filing with County or Provincial Departments to ensure adherence to state and local building codes. Additionally, they serve as historical records of building developments. Real estate agents utilize site plans to showcase a property’s key attributes, encompassing size and outdoor features.

Most site plans are presented as 2D aerial maps, providing a comprehensive overview of the property’s characteristics. Alternatively, 3D maps offer a three-dimensional perspective, particularly beneficial for understanding the landscape, including plantings, parking areas, and outdoor structures.

Essential Inclusions in a Site Plan

Creating a development site plan is akin to narrating the story of the site and its building. It involves presenting a comprehensive narrative. To facilitate understanding by plan reviewers, comprehensive information inclusion is key. Here are the primary components a robust site plan should encompass:

  1. Property Boundaries and Setbacks

Inclusion of property lines is imperative to prevent encroachment onto adjacent properties. These lines are clearly delineated around the perimeter of the lot. Surrounding infrastructure and buildings significantly influence design considerations, necessitating the inclusion of dimensions pertinent to the surroundings.

  1. Easements

Easements, areas of the property shared for specific purposes, should be clearly outlined. These may encompass pathways, utility lines, or areas maintained by homeowners’ associations.

  1. Construction Limits and Lay Down Areas

Areas designated for construction activities and storage of supplies and equipment should be indicated.

  1. Existing and Proposed Conditions

Existing features such as fence lines and utility lines, along with proposed alterations, are vital components of the plan. This information aids in ensuring compliance with city regulations and facilitates coordination with officials.

  1. Driveways

Precise dimensions and layouts of driveways and curbs should be included, adhering to relevant code requirements.

  1. Parking

Parking arrangements, including dimensions, traffic flow, and signage, should be detailed, especially in commercial or densely populated areas.

  1. Surrounding Streets and Ground Sign Locations

Traffic flow patterns and the impact of the building on surrounding traffic should be illustrated, incorporating stop signs, traffic lights, and highway signage.

  1. Fire Hydrants

Fire hydrant locations are critical for site accessibility and safety, warranting inclusion in the plan submission.

  1. Landscaped Areas

Existing and proposed landscaping, erosion control measures, and runoff controls should be depicted, specifying both measurements and types of landscaping features.